Immunology for Non-Immunologists: Challenges and Opportunities with Influenza Virus

Influenza is a complex, unpredictable virus that has kept scientists searching for more universal vaccinations and treatments to the deadly disease. Two mechanisms render the immune system ineffective in fighting the influenza virus: antigenic drift and antigenic shift. Antigenic Drift: Due to the lack of RNA proofreading enzymes, influenza virus genomes can accumulate mutations through…