Useful Tools in Immunology: The Immune Epitope Database

The Immune Epitope Database (IEDB) is a free online resource established by the National Institute for Health. The IEDB makes it easy for scientists and researchers to search for experimental data characterizing antibody and T cell epitopes for allergens, infectious diseases, autoimmune diseases, and transplants/alloantigens. Beyond epitope search, the IEDB also offers unique epitope analysis…

Immunology for Non-Immunologists: Challenges and Opportunities with Influenza Virus

Influenza is a complex, unpredictable virus that has kept scientists searching for more universal vaccinations and treatments to the deadly disease. Two mechanisms render the immune system ineffective in fighting the influenza virus: antigenic drift and antigenic shift. Antigenic Drift: Due to the lack of RNA proofreading enzymes, influenza virus genomes can accumulate mutations through…